Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2021 • VOLUME 27 • №2

Method of optimal hydraulic dilatation of venous conduits for coronary artery bypass grafting

Vechersky Yu.Yu., Manvelyan D.V., Zatolokin V.V., Shipulin V.M., Kozlov B.N.

Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Scientific Research Institute of Cardiology, Tomsk National Research Medical Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia

Hydraulic dilatation is used in everyday cardiac surgical practice for assessment of leak-proofness and prevention of spasm of autovenous shunts. The classical technique envisages manual high-pressure solution injection, which exerts a negative effect on venous conduits and is one of the causes of incompetence of shunts in the postoperative period. Limiting pressure during hydraulic dilatation is necessary to minimize morphological changes and preserve functional viability of venous conduits.

The purpose of the present study was to develop and assess efficacy of a standardized methodology of controlled hydraulic dilatation of venous conduits. We worked out an original technique of controlled hydraulic dilatation of venous conduits under perfusion pressure of artificial circulation. This was followed by assessing morphological changes and functional viability of venous segments after controlled hydraulic dilatation as compared with veins after conventional uncontrolled hydraulic dilatation and the control intact veins. Uncontrolled hydraulic dilatation was accompanied by endothelial damage (p<0.05), multiple conduit wall tears (p<0.05) according to the findings of light microscopy, leading to a significant decrease in the functional vitality of the venous conduit (a decreased reaction to hyperpotassium solution, phenylephrine, acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside (p<0.05) according to the findings of biophysical examination. Our original technique of controlled hydraulic dilatation of venous conduits under perfusion pressure of artificial circulation made it possible not only to evaluate leak-proofness of the vessel but also to achieve comparable to the control segments parameters of structural integrity of the venous wall and functional viability of the conduit. Thus, using the developed method of controlled hydraulic dilatation makes it possible to minimize morphofunctional alterations in venous conduits, influencing the function of autovenous shunts.

KEY WORDS: coronary artery bypass grafting, venous conduits, hydraulic dilatation, endothelial dysfunction, graft patency.

P. 134

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