Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2021 • VOLUME 27 • №2

Surgical treatment of true aneurysms of permanent vascular access

Maksimov A.V.1,2, Feiskhanov A.K1

1) Department of Vascular Surgery, Republican Clinical Hospital of the Public Health Ministry of the Republic of Tatarstan,
2) Chair of Cardiology, Roentgenovascular and Cardiovascular Surgery, Kazan State Medical Academy, Kazan, Russia

Analyzed herein are the results of surgical treatment of true diffuse aneurysms of the permanent vascular access in 44 patients. Of these, there were 29 men and 15 women, mean age 48.1±2.3 years (19-78 years). The average time having elapsed since the formation of the native access was 109.4±9.5 months (12-276, median – 108 months).

The indications for surgical treatment were as follows: haemorrhage including recurrent bleedings (3), thrombosis of the permanent vascular access (26), its dysfunction (5), high flow syndrome (3), large-size aneurysm with disordered function of the limb, pain syndrome or a pronounced cosmetic defect (7).

In 14 cases, reconstruction was not performed. We carried out ligating operations, in some instances with partial removal of the aneurysm and establishing a new vascular access.

3 patients underwent resection of the aneurysm with replacement by a graft. In the remote period 1 patient at 46 months developed infection of the prosthesis, resulting in loss of the access. Follow up of the remaining 2 patients demonstrated satisfactory function of the vascular access at 6 and 60 months.

16 patients were subjected to total plasty of the aneurysm using autotissues. On a cylindrical template measuring 6 mm in diameter after dissection of excessive tissues along the posterior wall of the vein, an uninterrupted suture was formed followed by placing the formed transplant into a new bed.

11 patients underwent the operation according to the analogous technique, but the formed autotransplant was reinforced with a thin-wall exoprosthesis made of polytetrafluoroethylene up to 0.2-mm thick and 10 mm in diameter («Ecoflon»).

Two (12.5%) of 16 patients subjected to reconstruction of the aneurysm without reinforcement developed haemorrhage in the early postoperative period, and one developed thrombosis thus resulting in loss of the access. In-hospital patency amounted to 81.3%. In plasty with reinforcement, there were no complications in the early postoperative period.

Long-term primary patency after total plasty without reinforcement at 1, 3, and 5 years amounted to 68.2±11.8%, 56.8±14.3%, and 22.7±13.7%, respectively, with secondary patency of 68.2±11.8% at the above-mentioned terms. In the majority of patients aneurysmatic transformation of the transplant occurred again in the remote period.

Primary patency at 1, 3 and 4 years after plasty with reinforcement amounted to 80.8±12.2%, 80.8±12-2% and 60.6±19.8%, respectively, with the secondary patency rates of 90.9±8.7% at the above mentioned terms.

KEY WORDS: haemodialysis, end-stage renal failure, renal replacement therapy, permanent vascular access, aneurysm, prosthetic repair.

P. 112

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