Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2019 • VOLUME 25 • №3

Immediate results of three methods of surgical myocardial revascularization in multivessel lesion of the coronary bed

Shilov A.A.1, Kochergin N.A.2, Ganyukov V.I.2, Kozyrin K.A.2, Barbarash O.L.2

1) Kemerovo Regional Clinical Cardiological Dispensary named after Academician L.S. Barbarash,
2) Scientific Research Institute for Complex Problems of Cardiovascular Diseases, Kemerovo, Russia

Introduction. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PTI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are currently the most commonly used techniques of myocardial revascularization. However, each of the methods has its own advantages and disadvantages. The creation of hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) was based on an attempt to combine the benefits of CABG and PTI.

Objective. The study was aimed at assessing the immediate results of three methods of surgical myocardial revascularization in patients with multivessel lesions of the coronary bed in stable ischaemic heart disease.

Patients and methods. The study enrolled a total of 155 patients randomized into three groups of myocardial revascularization: HCR, CABG and PTI. In the HCR group, the first stage consisted in minimally invasive myocardial revascularization with the anterior descending artery (ADA) followed by PTI (within 1-3 days) with implantation of drug-eluting second-generation stents Xience to other coronary vessels. In the CABG and PTI groups we performed CABG and PTI, respectively, using the Xience stents. In all three groups we assessed the procedural success, frequency of major adverse cardiovascular events and bleeding.

Results. Full myocardial revascularization was achieved in all three groups in more than 90% of cases. No statistically significant differences in either the procedural success rate or frequency of major adverse cardiovascular events between the CABG, PTI and HCR were revealed. The PTI group was characterized by the lowest frequency of bleeding, need for rehabilitation, and length of hospital stay.

Conclusion. Hybrid revascularization with the use of minimally invasive direct myocardial revascularization with the ADA followed by PTI with second-generation drug-eluting stents to other coronary arteries is a method of choice in treatment of patients with multivessel lesions of coronary arteries.

KEY WORDS: hybrid coronary revascularization, CABG, MIDCAB, PTI.

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