Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2011 • VOLUME 17 • №4

Variants of anatomical structure of lower-limb veins as a possible cause of the development of primary varicosity

Vakhitov M.Sh., Bolshakov O.P.
Chair of General Surgery and Chair of Operative Surgery and Clinical Anatomy St. Petersburg State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov, St. Petersburg, Russia

In order to reveal anatomical prerequisites for the development of primary varicose veins we investigated the structure of the venous system on a total of 53 adult human cadaveric lower extremities. Congenital morphological grounds providing the phlebohaemodynemics of the lower limbs are ambiguous in different individual forms. We revealed a total of 18 variants of the structure of deep veins, reflecting various stages of the embryonic development. In 34.1% of cases we saw the forms characteristic of incomplete reduction and unfinished transformation, with 30.2% of cases showing the utmost degree of reduction and transformation. An inadequate outflow along the deep veins conditioned by their anatomical structure is a prerequisite for the development of valvular insufficiency and venous reflux to the superficial veins followed by varicose transformation thereof.

KEY WORDS: primary varicose veins, anatomical structure of deep veins.

P. 68

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