Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2009 • VOLUME 15 • №4

Experience in treating embologenic thromboses of deep veins of lower extremities

Kungurtsev E.V., Mikhailov I.P., Lemenev V.L., Goldina I.M., Shcherbyuk A.A., Efimenko P.M.

Department of Emergency Vascular Surgery Scientific Research Institute for Emergency Ambulance Care named after N.V. Sklifosovsky, Moscow, Russia

The present work deals with analysing the outcomes of surgical management carried out in a total of five hundred and sixty-six patients diagnosed as having embologenic thrombosis of the lower-limb deep veins. Of these, 377 patients received a cava filter implanted, with the remaining 189 patients being subjected to thrombectomy from the iliac and femoral veins. In nineteen patients, the operation was supplemented by establishing an arteriovenous fistula.

The decision of whether or not to perform a surgical intervention in patients presenting with thrombosis of deep veins of the lower extremities was made based on the type and pattern of the thrombus concerned. First of all, such surgery was indicated primarily for those diagnosed with a floating, embolus-hazardous thrombus. Thrombectomy was carried out in the patients with a favourable prognosis of the underlying disease, if activation of the pathological process was possible. Cava filters were implanted to the patients diagnosed as having a recurrent embolism, with an unfavourable prognosis of the course of the underlying disease, as well as to those presenting with a severe concomitant pathology. Ultrasonography-guided control is obligatory at all stages of management.

KEY WORDS: embologenic thrombosis of deep veins, pulmonary thromboembolism.

P. 78

« Back