Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2021 • VOLUME 27 • №2

Actual privy councillor V.V. Pelikan (1790-1873) and his «Dissertatio medico chirurgica inauguralis de aneurysmate» (St. Petersburg, 1816). Part 1

Glyantsev S.P.1, Kryukov Yu.Yu.1, Sochilin A.A.2

1) Division of History of Cardiovascular Surgery, A.N. Bakulev National Medical Research Center of Cardiovascular Surgery under the RF Ministry of Public Health,
2) Department of Ethics, Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

The article deals with the analysis of the translated for the first time from Latin into Russian and introduced into scientific use «Dissertatio medico chirurgica inauguralis de aneurysmate» (St. Petersburg, 1816) written by Associate Professor of the Imperial Medical and Surgical Academy, then holder of the highest orders of the Russian Empire, Actual Privy Councillor V.V. Pelikan (1790-1873).

This part of the article describes a brief biography of V.V. Pelikan, selected fragments of his dissertation with laconic comments, dedicated to the definition and etymology of the term «aneurysm», as well as to the classification of arterial aneurysms. V.V. Pelikan understood this disease as escape of blood into surrounding tissues through the vessel’s wall, distinguishing an aneurysm as a consequence of an injury or wound (anastomosis), an aneurysm due to effusion of blood (diapedesis), or an aneurysm due to disease-induced «arrosion» of the arterial wall (dieresis).

KEY WORDS: history of vascular surgery in Russia, arterial aneurysm, etymology, classification, V.V. Pelikan, Dissertatio medico chirurgica inauguralis de aneurysmate (1816).

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