Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2019 • VOLUME 25 • №3

Early results of various surgical approaches in reconstruction of ascending aortic aneurysms

Kozlov B.N.1,2, Panfilov D.S.1, Zherbakhanov A.V.1, Khodashinsky I.A.3, Sonduev E.L.1

1) Research Institute of Cardiology, Tomsk National Research Medical Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
2) Department of Hospital Surgery, Siberian State Medical University under the RF Ministry of Public Health,
3) Department of Complex Information Security of Computer Systems, Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, Tomsk, Russia

The study was aimed at analysing the immediate results of various surgical approaches to prosthetic repair of ascending aortic aneurysms.

We analysed the data of 113 patients operated on for an ascending aortic aneurysm from 2008 to 2017. All patients were divided into two comparable groups. Group One patients (n=43) underwent prosthetic repair of the ascending portion of the aorta with formation of a distal anastomosis proximal to the level of the brachiocephalic trunk, Group Two patients (n=70) were subjected to reconstruction of the ascending aorta with aortic arch plasty («hemiarch»).

In the early postoperative period in Group One and Group Two patients, the frequency of adverse cardiac events amounted to 3 (7.0%) and 1 (1.5%) cases (p=0.339), with prolonged mechanical ventilation required in 12 (18.6%) and 6 (8.6%) cases and resternotomy required in 8 (18.6%) and 4 (5.7%) cases, respectively. The postoperative 30-day mortality in the group of isolated prosthetic repair of the ascending aorta amounted to 11.6% (5 cases) and in the group of patients with the hemiarch reconstruction to 3.0% (2 cases). No neurological complications were observed.

Hemiarch prosthetic repair of the aorta is an effective and safe surgical method of treatment. This approach does not increase the risks for cardiac, neurological, pulmonary, haemorrhagic complications in the immediate postoperative period as compared with prosthetic repair of only the ascending portion of the aorta.

KEY WORDS: aneurysm, ascending aorta, prosthetic repair of the ascending aorta, «hemiarch».

P. 106

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