Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2020 • VOLUME 26 • №1

H-shaped partial splenorenal shunting with the use of a reinforced graft made of porous polytetrafluoroethylene

Voskanyan S.E., Shabalin M.V., Voevodin A.L., Artemyev A.I., Kolyshev I.Yu., Naydenov E.V., Bashkov A.N.

A.I. Burnasyan Federal Medical and Biophysical Center of FMBA, Moscow, Russia

Objective. The study was aimed at improving the immediate and remote results of splenorenal bypass grafting.

Patients and methods. A total of 57 patients presenting with hepatic cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and recurrent haemorrhage from oesophageal varices underwent an H-shaped partial splenorenal shunt procedure using an externally reinforced 1.5-2.0-cm-long synthetic graft with a diameter equalling half of that of the splenic vein in an end-to-side fashion. Assessment of efficacy of shunting was based on intraoperative measurement of venous pressure in the portal system before and after shunting, the findings of Doppler ultrasonography of the linear velocity of blood flow in the portal, splenic, and left renal veins in the early postoperative period, as well as computed tomography, esophagogastroscopy, and assessment of the degree of hepatic encephalopathy in the remote postoperative period.

Results. The findings of intraoperative measurement of venous pressure in the portal vein system before and after shunting demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in (normalization of) portal pressure in all patients after bypass grafting (p≤0.05). There were no severe postoperative complications, in-hospital mortality, nor events of decompensation of hepatic insufficiency. According to the findings of Doppler ultrasonography of the linear velocity of blood flow and control computed tomography after surgery, the splenic vein, left renal vein and the conduit between them remained patent at all terms of postoperative follow up. The findings of control esophagogastroscopy revealed a statistically significant decrease in the degree of oesophageal varices at 3, 6, and 9 months after shunting (p≤0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the change of the degree of hepatic encephalopathy at 3, 6, and 9 months after shunting (p=0.853, p=0.712, and p=0.581, respectively). At various terms after surgery, nine patients underwent deceased donor liver transplantation, with the splenorenal shunt ligated intraoperatively.

Conclusion. This method of splenorenal shunting makes it possible to decrease the risk of bleeding from oesophageal varices and venous thromboses in vascular anastomoses, as well as complications resulting from using autovenous conduits, to decrease the risk of decomposition of hepatic insufficiency and the frequency of the development of encephalopathy in the postoperative period. Besides, this method makes it possible to easily dismantle the previously created artificial portocaval shunt in the process of liver transplantation.

KEY WORDS: splenorenal shunting, porous polytetrafluoroethylene, graft patency, portal hypertension.

P. 108-112

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