Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2020 • VOLUME 26 • №1

Cerebral protection from ischaemia during carotid endarterectomy

Vachev A.N., Prozhoga M.G., Dmitriev O.V.

Department of Faculty Surgery, Samara State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Samara, Russia

The purpose of this study was to assess efficacy of cerebral protection during carotid endarterectomy by means of controlled systemic hypertension in patients presenting with various levels of retrograde pressure in the internal carotid artery. The study enrolled a total of 150 patients subjected to carotid endarterectomy. The operation was carried out under general anaesthesia with artificial pulmonary ventilation and was accompanied by haemodynamic monitoring with invasive control of arterial pressure, as well as primary and additional correction of central haemodynamics.

Cerebral perfusion was assessed by measuring retrograde pressure in the internal carotid artery. The retrograde pressure index was calculated, according to which the patients were subdivided into three groups: those with values less than 30, with values from 30 to 39, and with values of 40 and more. Controlled systemic arterial hypertension was used as cerebral protection during the period of cross-clamping of the internal carotid artery, with phenylephrine and norepinephrine administered for this purpose.

The parameters of central haemodynamics, time intervals of the operation, and the duration of internal carotid artery cross-clamping in the groups did not statistically differ (p>0.05). A statistically significant difference was revealed in the level of systolic arterial pressure necessary for cerebral protection (p<0.05). There were no cerebral circulation impairments, myocardial infarctions, nor lethal outcomes. A conclusion was drawn that individualized correction of central haemodynamics ensured a sufficient level of collateral compensation of the cerebral blood flow, thus making it possible to refuse from using intraluminal shunts.

KEY WORDS: carotid endarterectomy, retrograde pressure in the internal carotid artery, retrograde pressure index, systemic arterial hypertension.

P. 101

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