Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2021 • VOLUME 27 • №2

Assessment of the results of left ventricular reconstruction in combination of coronary atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus

Bukhovets I.L.1, Vorozhtsova I.N.1,2, Maksimova A.S.1, Shipulin V.M.1, Babokin V.E.3, Andreev S.L.1, Sukhodolo I.V.2

1 Scientific Research Institute of Cardiology, Tomsk National Research Medical Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
2 Siberian State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Tomsk,
3 Moscow Regional Scientific Research Clinical Institute named after V.F. Vladimirsky, Moscow, Russia

Objective. To study the effect of type 2 diabetes mellitus on changes of intracardiac haemodynamics and myocardial morphology in patients with ischaemic heart disease and a postinfarction aneurysm of the left ventricle before and after corrective operations on the heart.

Materials and methods. The study included 79 patients with ischaemic heart disease and a chronic aneurysm of the left ventricle (Group I – patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (n=27), mean age 57.5±3.9 years, average number of shunts 2.9±0.6; Group II – patients without diabetes mellitus (n=52), mean age 55,3 ±7.1 years, average number of shunts – 2.7±0.3). In the preoperative period all patients were examined taking into account the functional class of angina pectoris, with the assessment of the left ventricular ejection fraction, end-diastolic index, end-systolic index, sphericity index. All patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and surgical restoration of the normal geometry of the left ventricle according to the Menicanty technique with the target end-systolic index of 60 ml/m2, during which 39 patients from both groups were subjected to intraoperative biopsy of the left ventricular myocardium and right atrial auricle.

Results. The intergroup analysis revealed no statistically significant differences in age, angina pectoris class, level of arterial pressure between the groups. Neither were there statistically significant differences in the echocardiographic parameters at the preoperative stage. In the postoperative period, we detected a significant decrease in the end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes of the left ventricle in both groups, with a statistically significant increase of the left ventricular ejection fraction observed only in non-diabetic patients. One year after the operation, such patients still continued to demonstrate more favourable parameters of the systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle. A detailed analysis with determining the delta of the alterations in the parameters revealed more significant positive dynamics in the postoperative period in patients with ischaemic heart disease not associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Conclusions. The obtained findings are indicative of negative dynamics of the course of chronic ischaemic heart disease aggravated by type 2 diabetes mellitus after reconstruction of the left ventricle. Macro- and microangiopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus significantly deteriorated the myocardial trophism. Subsequent bleedings draw phagocytic cells into the myocardial stroma, thus adversely affecting the further prognosis and course of the disease, since we demonstrated that the presence of inflammatory infiltrate in the myocardial stroma is a key factor of unfavourable outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy.

KEY WORDS: left ventricular aneurysm, diabetes mellitus, echocardiography, coronary artery bypass grafting, left ventricular reconstruction.

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