Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2021 • VOLUME 27 • №2

Effect of an antioxidant on vascular wall cell apoptosis markers after reconstructive operations

Kalinin R.A., Suchkov I.A., Klimentova E.A., Shchulkin A.V., Egorov A.A.

I.P. Pavlov Ryazan State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Ryazan, Russia

Objective. This study was aimed at determining Bcl-2 and Bax proteins expression before and after reconstructive-repairing operations in patients with atherosclerosis obliterans of lower extremities and at assessing the effect of an antioxidant (vitamin E at a dose of 100 mg once daily for 1 month after surgery) on the dynamics of changes of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in the postoperative period.

Materials and methods. The study included a total of 60 patients with stage III-IV lower limb atherosclerosis obliterans. All patients underwent reconstructive-repairing operations on the arteries of the aortofemoral segment. After surgery the patients were divided into two groups. Group A included 30 patients who during 1 month received additionally to basic therapy vitamin E at a daily dose of 100 mg. Group B was composed of 30 patients receiving basic therapy alone according to the National guidelines of managing patients with peripheral artery disease. All patients before, on POD 1, and 1 month after surgery were subjected to venous blood test aimed at determining Bcl-2 and Bax apoptosis proteins expression by means of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Results. In patients of groups A and B, the baseline level of Bcl-2 protein (4.75 and 4.2 ng/ml, respectively) was comparable with that in apparently healthy volunteers (5.3 ng/ml). The baseline levels of Bax protein in patients of the operated groups (26.9 and 26.0 ng/ml, respectively) were increased compared with the values in healthy volunteers (16.5 ng/ml). On POD 1 there was increased expression of Bax protein in Group A and B patients to 39.4 and 30.2 ng/ml, respectively. One month after surgery, Group B patients demonstrated a decrease in the Bcl-2 values below the baseline level – 1.1 ng/ml (p=0.003), with the Bax level continuing to increase – 36 ng/ml (p=0.004). In turn, Group A patients after 1 month were found to have increased levels of the Bcl-2 protein – 5.75 ng/ml, with the Bax level returning to the baseline values – 27.4 ng/ml.

Conclusions. In stage III and IV lower limb obliterating atherosclerosis, the level of the Bax proapoptoric protein was higher than that in healthy volunteers. On POD 1, there occurred increased expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and activation of apoptosis markers. On the background of using vitamin E at a dose of 100 mg once daily for 1 month, there was a decrease in level of the Bax propapoptotic protein (p=0.003) and an increase in level of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein level (p=0.0007).

KEY WORDS: vascular wall cell apoptosis, lower limb arteries atherosclerosis, Bcl-2 protein, Bax protein, antioxidant vitamin E.

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