Journal «Angiology and Vascular Surgery» • 

2019 • VOLUME 25 • №1

Differentiated approach to treatment of decompensated lower limb ischaemia with the use of the WIFI classification system

Chervyakov Yu.V.1, Kha Kh.N.2, Gavrilenko A.V.3,4, KlimovA.E.2

1) Yaroslavl State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Yaroslavl,
2) Russian University of Friendship of Peoples,
3) Russian Research Centre of Surgery named after Academician B.V. Petrovsky,
4) First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov under the RF Ministry of Public Health, Moscow, Russia

In the present article, the authors substantiate the necessity of subdividing a heterogeneous cohort of patients presenting with Fontaine-Pokrovsky grade IV critical limb ischaemia into subgroups with the aim of making an appropriate therapeutic decision and predicting the outcome. We also translated into the Russian language the WIfI classification system developed by the Society for Vascular Surgery (2014) in order to predict limb loss and feasibility of performing revascularization. This is followed by comments on the classification, accompanied by examples of own clinical case studies.

In order to check-up the ability of the SVS WIfI classification system to predict the one-year risk of major amputation in patients with decompensated ischaemia, we carried out a retrospective multicenter study, enrolling a total of 109 patients with unreconstructable stage IV chronic ischaemia. Our primary endpoint was the frequency of major amputation during the first year of follow up. The patients were divided into 4 subgroups based on a combination of the three WIfI domains, i. e., wound, ischaemia, and foot infection, respectively, as follows: 130 – 27% (n=29), 131 – 23% (n=25), 230 – 20% (n=22), and 231 – 30% (n=33).

The frequency of amputation during the first year of follow-up with the natural course of the disease on the background of conventional therapy averagely amounted to 36%. By the WIfI component combinations, we revealed statistically significant differences between the subgroups (p=0.035): 130 – 21% (n=6), 131 – 28% (n=7), 230 – 36% (n=8), 231 – 55% (n=18).

The WIfI classification makes it possible to predict the risk of major amputation in patients with limb-threatening ischaemia. The frequency of amputation during the first year of follow up in the natural course of the disease is associated not only with the WIfI clinical stage but also with the WIfI component combinations.

KEY WORDS: critical limb ischaemia, limb-threatening ischaemia, WIfI classification.

P. 17

« Back

Angiologia.ru - portal for professionals
VLAANT
Lancet
HI-TECHNOLOGY MEDICINE
Transmed